(1) The Sumerian Watchers
“…Man and his early civilizations had a profoundly different mentality from our own, that in fact men and women were not conscious as are we, were not responsible for their actions, and therefore cannot be given the credit or blame for anything that was done over these vast millennia of time; that instead each person had a part of his nervous system that was divine, by which he was ordered about like any slave, a voice or voices which indeed were what we call volition and empowered what they commanded and were related to the hallucinated voices of others in a carefully established hierarchy.”
“…The astonishing consistency from Egypt to Peru, from Ur to Yucatan, wherever civilizations arose, of death practices and idolatry, of divine government and hallucinated voices, all are witness to the idea of a different mentality than our own.”
“The gods were in no sense ‘figments of the imagination’ of anyone. They were man’s volition. They occupied his nervous system, probably his right hemisphere, and from stores of admonitory and receptive experience, transmuted this experience into articulated speech which then ‘told’ the man what to do.” “Throughout Mesopotamia, from the earliest times of Sumer and Akkad, all lands were owned by gods and men were their slaves. Of this, the cuneiform texts leave no doubt whatever. Each city-state had its own principal god, and the king was described in the very earliest written documents that we have as ‘the tenant farmer of the god’.” – Julian Jaynes, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind
“… The Akkadians called their predecessors Shukmerians, and spoke of the Land of Shumer.
“It was, in fact, the biblical Land of Shin’ar. It was the land whose name – Shumer – literally meant the Land of the Watchers. It was indeed the Egyptian Ta Neter – Land of the Watchers, the land from which the gods had come to Egypt.” – Zecharia Sitchin, The Stairway to Heaven
“It was from that planet [Nibiru], the Sumerian texts repeatedly and persistently stated, that the Anunnaki came to Earth. The term literally means ‘Those Who from Heaven to Earth Came.’ They are spoken of in the Bible as the Anakim, and in Chapter 6 of Genesis are also call Nefilim, which in Hebrew means the same thing: Those Who Have Come Down, from the Heavens to Earth.” – Zecharia Sitchin, Genesis Revisited
(2) The Egyptian Ntr
There is archaeological evidence of a strong cultural connection between Sumer and ancient Egypt.
“Ptah and the other gods were called, in Egyptian, Ntr – ‘Guardian, Watcher’.” – Zecharia Sitchin, The Wars of Gods and Men
During the fabled “First Time, Zep Tepi, when the gods ruled in their country: they said it was a golden age during which the waters of the abyss receded, the primordial darkness was banished, and humanity, emerging into the light, was offered the gifts of civilization. They spoke also of intermediaries between gods and men – the Urshu, a category of lesser divinities whose title meant ‘the Watchers’. And they preserved particularly vivid recollections of the gods themselves, puissant and beautiful beings called the Neteru who lived on earth with humankind and exercised their sovereignty from Heliopolis and other sanctuaries up and down the Nile. Some of these Neteru were male and some female but all possessed a range of supernatural powers which included the ability to appear, at will, as men or women, or as animals, birds, reptiles, trees or plants. Paradoxically, their words and deeds seem to have reflected human passions and preoccupations. Likewise, although they were portrayed as stronger and more intelligent than humans, it was believed that they could grow sick – or even die, or be killed – under certain circumstance.” – Graham Hancock, Fingerprints of the Gods
“‘Deliver thou the scribe Nebseni, whose word is truth, from the Watchers, who carry murderous knives, who possess cruel fingers, and who would slay those who are in the following of Osiris.’
May these Watchers never gain the mastery over me, and may I never fall under their knives!’ “Who are these Watchers?
“‘They are Anubis and Horus, [the latter being] in the form of Horus the sightless. Others, however, say that they are the Tchatcha (sovereign princes of Osiris), who bring to nought the operations of their knives; and others say that they are the chiefs of the Sheniu chamber.
‘May their knives never gain the mastery over me. May I never fall under the knives wherewith they inflict cruel tortures. For I know their names, and I know the being, Matchet, who is among them in the House of Osiris. He shooteth forth rays of light from his eye, being himself invisible, and he goeth round about heaven robed in the flames which come from his mouth, commanding Hapi, but remaining invisible himself. May I be strong on earth before Ra, may I arrive safely in the presence of Osiris. O ye who preside over your altars, let not your offerings to me be wanting, for I am one of those who follow after Nebertcher, according to the writings of Khepera. Let me fly like a hawk, let me cackle like a goose, let me lay always like the serpent-goddess Neheb-ka.'” – The Egyptian Book of the Dead
“They had come to Egypt, the Egyptians wrote, from Ta-Ur, the ‘Far/Foreign Land,’ whose name Ur meant ‘oldest’ but could have also been the actual place name – a place will known from Mesopotamian and biblical records: the ancient city of Ur in southern Mesopotamia. And the straits of the Red Sea, which connected Mesopotamia and Egypt, were called Ta-Neter, the ‘Place of the Gods,’ the passage by which they had come to Egypt. That the earliest gods did come from the biblical lands of Shem is additionally borne out by the puzzling fact that the names of these olden gods were of ‘Semitic’ (Akkadian) derivation. Thus Ptah, which had no meaning in Egyptian, meant ‘he who fashioned things by carving and opening up’ in the Semitic tongues.” – Zecharia Sitchin, The Wars of Gods and Men
“The Legend of Votan, who had built the first city that was the cradle of Mesoamerican civilization, was written down by Spanish chroniclers from oral Mayan traditions. The emblem of Votan, they recorded, was the serpent; ‘he was a descendant of the Guardians, of the race of Can’. ‘Guardians’ was the meaning of the Egyptian term Neteru (i.e., ‘gods’). Can, studies such as that by Zelia Nuttal (Papers of the Peabody Museum) have suggested was a variant of Canaan who was (according to the Bible) a member of the Hamitic peoples of Africa and a brother-nation of the Egyptians.” – Zecharia Sitchin, When Time Began
(3) Bene Elohim
“The sons of God (or children of God; ‘bene elohim’ and variants) are divine members of God’s heavenly host…The title ‘sons/children of God’ is familiar from Ugaritic mythology, in which the gods collectively are the ‘children of Enoch wrote of his spell-binding journey to heaven where he saw angels and their glory.
“And these are the names of the holy angels who watch. Uriel, one of the holy angels, who is over the world and over Tartarus. Raphael, one of the holy angels, who is over the spirits of men. Raguel, one of the holy angels who takes vengeance on the world of the luminaries. Michael, one of the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best part of mankind and over chaos. Saraqael, one of the holy angels, who is set over the spirits, who sin in the spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy angels, who is over Paradise and the serpents and the Cherubim. Remiel, one of the holy angels, whom God set over those who rise.” – 1 Enoch 20:1-8
The First Book of Enoch was the first piece of Jewish literature to describe a class of angels, the Watchers, who are positively evil and who lead the dead to a place of eternal torment.
“And all the angels shall execute their commandst
And shall seek to hide themselves from the presence of the Great Glory,
And the children of earth shall tremble and quake;
And ye sinners shall be cursed for ever,
And ye shall have no peace.” – 1 Enoch 102:3
The Book of Jubilees “was also known in early times as the Apocalypse of Moses, for it allegedly was written down by Moses at Mount Sinai as an angel dictated to him the histories of days past. (Scholars, though, believe that the work was composed in the second century BC).” – Zecharia Sitchin, The Stairway to Heaven
“For in his days the angels of the Lord descended upon earth – those who are named The Watchers – that they should instruct the children of men, that they should do judgment and uprightness upon earth.” – The Book of Jubilees
“According to the Book of Jubilees, the Watchers are the sons of god (Genesis 6) sent from heaven to instruct the children of men; they fell after they descended to earth and cohabited with the daughters of men – for which act they were condemned (so legend reports) and became fallen angels. But not all Watchers descended: those that remained are the holy Watchers, and they reside in the 5th Heaven. The evil Watchers dwell either in the 3rd Heaven or in Hell.” – A Dictionary of Angels
“According to the Book of Jubilees, Enoch…testified about the Watchers who had sinned with the daughters of men; he testified against them all.” And it was to protect him from the revenge of the sinning angels of the Lord, that ‘he was taken from amongst the children of men, and was conducted into the Garden of Eden.” – Zecharia Sitchin, The Stairway to Heaven
“And I Enoch was blessing the Lord of majesty and the King of the ages, and lo! the Watchers called me -Enoch the scribe- and said to me: ‘Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken unto themselves wives: “Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth: And ye shall have no peace nor forgiveness of sin: and inasmuch as they delight themselves in their children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see, and over the destruction of their children shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto eternity, but mercy and peace shall ye not attain”.'” – 1 Enoch 10:3-8
As recounted in the Dead Sea Scrolls, “200 angels known as ‘the Watchers’ once descended from heaven to sample the pleasures of earth. In time, each of the 200 took an earthly spouse. These unions produced children of extraordinary size, who quickly devoured the world’s food. To satisfy their enormous appetites, the angel-children roamed the earth, slaughtering every species of bird, beast, reptile and fish. Finally, the ravenous creatures turned on one another, stripping flesh from the bones of their fellows and slaking their thirst in rivers of blood. As this wave of destruction washed over the earth, the anguished cries of humankind reached four powerful archangels – Uriel, Raphael, Gabriel, and Michael – who upon orders from God enacted a swift retribution. First Uriel descended to earth to warn Noah of a coming deluge, advising him to prepare an ark to carry his family and a menagerie of creatures to safety. Raphael then fell upon the leader of the Watchers, bound him hand and foot, and thrust him into eternal darkness. Next, Gabriel charged with slaying the dissenters’ offspring, encouraged the monstrous angel-children to fight one another. Finally, Michael trussed up the remaining Watchers, forced them to witness the deaths of their progeny, and condemned them to eternal torment. Only then did the heavens open up and wash away the last traces of the destruction that the fallen angels had wrought.” – Cosmic Duality
“I saw Watchers in my vision, the dream-vision. Two (men) were fighting over me, saying…and holding a great contest over me. I asked them, ‘Who are you, that you are thus empo[wered over me?’ They answered me, ‘We] [have been em]powered and rule over all mankind’. They said to me, ‘Which of us do yo[u choose to rule (you)?’ I raised my eyes and looked.] [One] of them was terri]fying in his appearance, [like a s]erpent, [his] cl[oa]k many-colored yet very dark…[And I looked again], and…in his appearance, his visage like a viper, and [wearing…] [exceedingly, and all his eyes…]” “[I replied to him,] ‘This [Watcher,] so is he?’ He answered me, ‘This Wa[tcher…] [and his three names are Belial and Prince of Darkness] and King of Evil.'” – “Testament of Amram” (4Q535, Manuscript B)
Jewish religious authorities, concerned that the growing worship of angels would be a threat to the belief in one God, excised works like that of Enoch and Book of Jubilees from canonical literature, making them part of what is now known as the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.