The Nephilim

“The Sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.” – Genesis 6:2

“Some commentators believe that the expression ‘sons of God’ refers to the ‘godly line’ of Seth, and ‘daughters of men’ to women form the line of Cain.”

– Commentary on the Living Bible “The Book of Giants was another literary work concerned with Enoch, widely read (after translation into the appropriate languages) in the Roman empire….The ‘giants’ were believed to be the offspring of fallen angels (the Nephilim; also called Watchers) and human women.” – Robert Eisman and Michael Wise, The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered

“The Nefilim were upon the Earth in those days and thereafter too. Those sons of the gods who cohabited with the daughters of the Adam, and they bore children into them. They were the Mighty Ones of Eternity, the People of the Shem.”

– Genesis 6:4 “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they; bare children unto them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.”

– Genesis 6:4 (King Jame’s version) On a parchment fragment 4Q201(En ara) copied ca. 200-150 B.C.E. found at Qumrum: 13. [They (the leaders) and all … of them took

for themselves]
14. wives from all that they chose and

[they began to cohabit with them and to defile

themselves with them];
15. and to teach them sorcery and [spells and

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the cutting of roots; and to acquaint them

with herbs.]
16. And they become pregnant by them and

bo[re (great) giants three thousand cubits high …]

– Book of Enoch (from Translation by J. C. Greenfield “Later Jewish tradition has it that their seduction was at least partly their own fault since they had taught the girls the art of cosmetics, and so had begun the awful progress of mankind to degeneracy and sexual abandon. More important, ‘they taught them charms and enchantments, the cutting of roots, and make them acquainted with plants…” (Enoch 7:1ff).”

– John M. Allegro, The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross “The Hebrew word for giants (nephilum) literally means the fallen-down-ones because these tall celestial beings fell from the sky. Their half-breed progeny and their descendants are often mentioned in the early books of the Old Testament until the last of them were finally killed off. They were known as the Rephaim, Emim, Anakim, Horim, Avim, and Zamzummim. Some scholars speculate that this tradition of giants born from the union of gods and humans formed the basis for the demigod of Greek mythology.”

– Raymond E. Fowler, The Watchers “Those giants…are termed n’philim (lit. ‘those who have fallen’ or ‘perished’). A similar tradition mentions such a race of primordial giants in the Rephaim.”

– John Gray, Near Eastern Mythology “The Emim – a large and numerous people, as tall as the Anakim – had formerly inhabited it [Moab]. Like the Anakim, they are usually reckoned as Rephaim, though the Moabites call them Emim.”
“Now only King Og of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. In fact his bed, an iron bed, can still be seen in Rabbah of the Ammonites. By the common cubit it is nine cubits long and four cubits wide.”

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– Deuteronomy 2:11, 3:11 “The tradition in Genesis 6.4 may reflect the Canaanite myth of the birth of minor gods from the union of El and human women. The conception of the Rephaim as supermen may reflect the Canaanite tradition of defunct kings as rp’um, or Dispensers of fertility. The identity in tradition of ‘the fallen ones’ of Genesis 6:4 and the Rephaim is supported by the nature of the latter in Proverbs 2:18; Job 26:5 and Phoenician funerary inscriptions.”

– John Gray, Near Eastern Mythology

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